Ask a question
Saturday, 05 December 2009 15:02

Sending Query Output to a File or to a Program

Written by Vicky
Rate this item
(0 votes)

1.21.1 Problem

You want to send mysql output somewhere other than to your screen.

1.21.2 Solution

Redirect mysql's output or use a pipe.

1.21.3 Discussion

mysql chooses its default output format according to whether you run it interactively or non-interactively. Under interactive use, mysql normally sends its output to the terminal and writes query results using tabular format:

mysql> SELECT * FROM limbs;
+--------------+------+------+
| thing        | legs | arms |
+--------------+------+------+
| human        |    2 |    2 |
| insect       |    6 |    0 |
| squid        |    0 |   10 |
| octopus      |    0 |    8 |
| fish         |    0 |    0 |
| centipede    |  100 |    0 |
| table        |    4 |    0 |
| armchair     |    4 |    2 |
| phonograph   |    0 |    1 |
| tripod       |    3 |    0 |
| Peg Leg Pete |    1 |    2 |
| space alien  | NULL | NULL |
+--------------+------+------+
12 rows in set (0.00 sec)

In non-interactive mode (that is, when either the input or output is redirected), mysql writes output in tab-delimited format:

% echo "SELECT * FROM limbs" | mysql cookbook
thing   legs    arms
human   2       2
insect  6       0
squid   0       10
octopus 0       8
fish    0       0
centipede       100     0
table   4       0
armchair        4       2
phonograph      0       1
tripod  3       0
Peg Leg Pete    1       2
space alien     NULL    NULL

However, in either context, you can select any of mysql's output formats by using the appropriate command-line options. This section describes how to send mysql output somewhere other than the terminal. The next several sections discuss the various mysql output formats and how to select them explicitly according to your needs when the default format isn't what you want.

To save output from mysql in a file, use your shell's standard redirection capability:

% mysql cookbook >  outputfile 

However, if you try to run mysql interactively with the output redirected, you won't be able to see what you're typing, so generally in this case you'll also take query input from a file (or another program):

% mysql cookbook <  inputfile  >  outputfile 

You can also send query output to another program. For example, if you want to mail query output to someone, you might do so like this:

% mysql cookbook <  inputfile  | mail paul 

Note that because mysql runs non-interactively in that context, it produces tab-delimited output, which the mail recipient may find more difficult to read than tabular output. Recipe 1.22 shows how to fix this problem.

Last modified on Saturday, 05 December 2009 15:05
Vicky

Vicky

E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it